How to Install an Antivirus on a Windows 10 or Mac Device (For Beginners)

Aviva Zacks
Posted: October 31, 2018

If you’re reading this, we’re assuming you’re already aware of how important it is to have an antivirus to protect you from malware and viruses. You’ve probably chosen the right antivirus for your needs and now you’re looking to install it. Luckily for you, the download and installation process is actually quite simple. Follow our step-by-step guide, and you’ll be able to set-up your antivirus protection with ease.

But First… Have you Chosen the Right Antivirus?

By now you’ve likely already done a fair bit of research or even decided on the right antivirus for you. If you have then skip this and head to our advice on installing it on your device here. For those who are still deciding or who have a sliver of doubt, our experts have ranked 47 of the best antiviruses in terms of pricing, user ratings and reviews and whether they include a firewall or not.

Because while many antivirus programs will provide great protection against most threats, there can be downsides to operating these huge software files, such as their impact on your computer’s performance – particularly if yours isn’t very modern or very powerful – and whether you need all of the extra features thrown in that up the cost. So it’s important to pick the antivirus that will do only the jobs you want – and fast –  and not cause unnecessary glitches. While there are endless factors to consider when choosing an antivirus, we have narrowed it down to what we believe are the four most critical factors of premium antivirus software.

Protection

A decent antivirus must provide all-inclusive protection with several layers of defense against both traditional and more modern threats, such as ransomware, network attacks and risky websites. Alongside identifying known infections, it must also be able to spot zero-day viruses. High-quality security programs will guarantee protection for over 99% of threats. Top products include Norton, Bitdefender, and McAfee, all of which scored 100% on our most recent tests.

Speed

There’s no point in an antivirus that works very well, but stops you from doing anything else while its running because its using up all of your RAM. Watch out for performance lags on boot timings and on your PC’s overall performance; it should be fast. If you use your device for CPU-heavy activities like HD streaming, gaming, or video/photo editing, choosing a lightweight antivirus software should be your top priority.

Price

Price doesn’t necessarily mean quality. In fact, Avast Free Antivirus rates higher than many top-tier paid services for protection and speed. So you should choose the most affordable antivirus solution that suits all of your needs and still provides the protection you are looking for. This may not always be the cheapest option. But it will be less risky than going for a cheap antivirus that then doesn’t protect you from things like ransomware.

Other Features

Finally, many antivirus products will offer other features, such as parental security, encrypted storage space in the cloud, protection from infected websites, and spam blocking. While some customers may benefit from additional protection and tools, it might not be necessary for others. Make sure you consider whether it’s worth it before paying more for these extra features.

Once you’re certain you know what you’re looking for from your antivirus and you’ve made the purchase, follow our step-by-step guide for easy set-up and installation:

How to Install an Antivirus on Windows

Click here for the best antivirus products for windows

Regardless of which antivirus you’ve chosen, the set-up and installation on a Windows device is usually quite similar. Here’s how to do it:

  1. Create an Account

It’s not always necessary to create an account immediately, but it will help you in the long run. Some providers won’t ask you to sign-up straight away but will require it within 30 days of purchase. Creating an account will give you direct access to updates, and a place where you can manage your licenses and other features, such as remote anti-theft security features for your mobile device, all in one place.

  1. Download the Antivirus

Click to download the antivirus. It will usually specify how much space is required, so you may have to delete files first to make room for it.

  1. Authorize Changes

It’s also essential to ensure you have admin privileges for your computer, as you’ll have to authorize the software installation. This step requires you to enter your password via an admin account.

  1. Follow On-screen Installation Process

Next, the software will lead you through a short installation process, which usually involves accepting the terms and conditions and establishing where the antivirus will be saved. The installer box will lay out these steps for you.

  1. Restart your Computer

The version you download might not be the most up-to-date version. Simply restart your computer, which will prompt any updates to load. Once this is complete, run a scan on your computer – see below for advice.

How to Install an Antivirus on a Mac

Best antivirus products for Mac

Because of the protection things like Gatekeeper afford to Mac users, you may think you’re safe from viruses, but Macs are actually still vulnerable to Trojan horses, phishing scams, and other adware such as Crossrider and piggyback programs like Mac Auto Fixer. But if you’re installing a Mac antivirus program, we’re guessing you’re already aware of the threats. Once you’ve found an antivirus or security suite that’s compatible with Mac (see here for our recommendations), follow the same set-up steps as for a Windows PC.

Once installed, Scan for Viruses!

Once you’ve installed your antivirus software, you’ll need to scan for threats. Most security suites offer three scan options – either manual or automatic – all of which provide a different depth of inspection:

1. A Quick Scan

Quick scans usually take 10 to 20 minutes, as they only check the common areas that are most likely to be infected. This allows the scanner to bypass most of your network, which increases speed but reduces processing power so you’ll have to leave your computer alone while it runs. Often, this option is enough to highlight any problems.

2. A Full Scan

If your quick scan came back clean but you’re still concerned your computer may be at risk, then run a full scan. This option checks every corner of your system to ensure there are no viruses lurking in dark corners and can take several hours to complete. Complex malware threats like spyware may not be obvious in a quick scan and will require an in-depth check to uncover. While a full scan is the slowest option, it will guarantee your drive is clean.

3. A Scheduled Scan

Scheduled scans run automatically to check files for viruses as you use them, providing real-time protection for your machine. Most antivirus products will have scans scheduled by default, but it’s possible to change the frequency (daily, weekly or monthly) and time within the settings if you’d prefer them to run at specific times – such as late at night when you’re not using your device.

Protect Yourself from Cyber Crime

There are many antiviruses for Windows or Mac products that are easy to use, download, and install so there’s absolutely no reason to leave your computer or network vulnerable. Still looking for a decent antivirus to install on your device? See which is the best-rated antivirus today. 

About the Author

Aviva Zacks
Aviva Zacks

Aviva Zacks is a content manager, writer, editor, and really good baker. When she's not working, she enjoys reading on her porch swing with a cup of decaf.